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Going to work in the UK? Tax refunds explained

If you're going to the UK to work it's important to know a few UK tax facts to make sure you don't end up losing your money.

When you start work in the UK you need to make sure you give your employer your National Insurance Number so you avoid paying emergency tax – which is much higher than the normal UK tax rates. Your National Insurance Number (NIN) is the unique number allocated to you by the Department for Work and Pension in the UK. It allows you to work, pay taxes and access public services in the UK.

PAYE and Self-employed tax

Once you start working you will need to pay UK tax either as a PAYE employee (if you're a receptionist, nurse or a teacher for example) or as self-employed person, such as a construction subcontractor.

If you are PAYE your employer should deduct tax from your earnings each time you get paid. If you are self-employed you are responsible for your own UK tax return called a self-assessment tax return. As a self-employed in the UK you can claim back work-related expenses such as work tools, transport and dry cleaning your work uniform.

If you've started work already in the UK you will be paying 20% income tax on earnings above £1830 and 40% on any earnings over £36,401.

Claim your UK taxes back

If you do end up on the wrong tax code and overpay tax in the UK, you can claim this money back once you leave the UK or when the tax year ends on April 5th. You have up to six years to claim any overpaid UK tax.

If you want to find out how much you could be owed, you can use a free online tax refund calculator. To claim your UK tax refund, you need to file a tax return. A tax return is the annual submission of tax forms documenting your earnings, taxes paid, deductable expenses and benefits that you send to the HM Revenue & Customs for review. From this information it is determined whether you have overpaid tax and are owed a tax refund.

The amount of your UK tax refund depends on factors like:

  • Your earnings
  • Your expenses
  • Whether you worked the whole tax year
  • If you had more than one job at a time or changed jobs
  • Whether you have children
  • If your circumstances changed, eg: you became self-employed
  • If you took a break during or between employments

When choosing a tax return company, we recommend that you select companies which:

  • Are HM Revenue & Customs registered agents
  • Have an office in the UK
  • Can guarantee that your tax refund will be 100% legal and safe

Cloud Accounting LLP

Cloud Accounting organises tax refunds for non-residents who work in the UK. We specialise in UK tax returns for PAYESelf-Employed and construction workers.

If you haven't set up your National Insurance Number yet, we can also help you with this.

Cloud Accounting customers get average UK tax refunds of £963 for PAYE and £1453 for construction workers' tax refunds.

How much Income Tax and National Insurance you should pay

As an employee, you pay Income Tax and National Insurance on your wages through the PAYE system. It’s important to check you have the right tax code and are paying the right amount.

  • Do you need to pay Income Tax and National Insurance?
  • How much can you earn before you need to pay Income Tax?
  • How much can you earn before you need to pay National Insurance?
  • What’s the difference between gross and net pay?
  • How is tax and National Insurance paid?
  • How PAYE works
  • What is a tax code?
  • What is an emergency tax code?
  • Tips and bonuses
  • Benefits in kind

Do you need to pay Income Tax and National Insurance?

You can earn a certain amount of income each year, called your Personal Allowance, before you need to pay any Income Tax.?

Got a question?

Our advisers will point you in the right direction.

Start a webchat online or call us on 0800 138 1677.

In general, not everyone may get the same Personal Allowance of £12,500 for the tax year 2019/20. A tax year runs from the 6th April to the 5th April.

The personal allowance is a fixed amount set against your gross income (your income before tax or any other deductions are taken) that allows you to receive that much income free of tax in a tax year.?

Received a loan from your employer?

This could be seen as tax avoidance and subject to a loan charge. HMRC have asked people who have been part of disguised remuneration schemes to come forward and provide information.

Further support is available on a dedicated HMRC helpline on 0300 0534 226.

However, you might get a smaller personal allowance if your income is over £100,000 or if you owe tax from a previous tax year. You might also get a larger Personal Allowance if you have overpaid tax from a previous tax year.

The Personal Allowance will also be set at £12,500 for 2020/21 and then indexed with the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from then onwards.Find out more about How Income Tax, National Insurance and the Personal Allowance work

How much can you earn before you need to pay Income Tax?

In the UK, the tax system is based on marginal tax rates. That means it’s worked out as a percentage of income you earn inside certain thresholds – you don’t pay the same amount of tax on everything you earn.

As an employee:

  • you pay 0% on earnings up to £12,500* for 2019-20
  • then you pay 20% on anything you earn between £12,501 and £50,000
  • you’ll pay 40% Income Tax on earnings between £50,001 to £150,000
  • if you earn £150,001 and over you pay 45% tax.

*This assumes you have the standard Personal Allowance of £12,500 which is the amount you can earn before paying tax. Your Personal Allowance might be higher, for example if you’ve claimed certain allowances or if you’ve paid too much tax. It could also be lower for example, if you earn over £100,000, the standard Personal Allowance of £12,500 is reduced by £1 for every £2 of income.

For example, if you earn £52,000 a year, you pay:

  • nothing on the first £12,500
  • 20% (£7,500.00) on the next £37,500
  • 40% (£800) on the next £2,000.

You can use GOV.uk’s tool to estimate how much Income Tax and National Insurance you should pay for the current tax year. It can help work out your take-home pay if you don’t have any other deductions, for example pension contributions or student loans.

If you’re self-employed, the self-employed ready reckoner tool can help you budget for your tax bill.

From 6 April 2019 income tax rates will be set by the Welsh Government. These are currently the same as for England and Northern Ireland for the 2019/20 tax year.If you live in Scotland, Income Tax rates are different. Find out more on our Scotland Income Tax and National Insurance page.

How much can you earn before you need to pay National Insurance?

National insurance contributions (NICs) are taken from your earned income and essentially help to build your entitlement to certain state benefits, such as the State Pension and Maternity Allowance.

If you’re an employee, you’ll need to pay Class 1 NICs on your earnings. In addition, your employer will be required to make a secondary contribution of 13.8% of earnings above £166 a week. There is no upper limit on employer’s National Insurance (NI) payments.

As an employee:

  • you pay National Insurance contributions if you earn more than £166 a week
  • you pay 12% of your earnings above this limit and up to £962 a week (for 2019-20)
  • the rate drops to 2% of your earnings over £962 a week.

For example, if you earn £1,000 a week, you pay:

  • nothing on the first £166
  • 12% (£95.52) on the next £796
  • 2% (£0.76) on the next £38.

If you live in Scotland, Income Tax rates are different. Find out more on our Scotland Income Tax and National Insurance page.

What’s the difference between gross and net pay?

Gross pay is the income you receive before any taxes and deductions have been taken out. Your annual gross pay is what’s often referred to as your annual salary.

Net pay is what’s left over after deductions like Income tax and National Insurance have been taken off. It’s what’s often referred to as your take home pay.

You can see what your gross pay was and how much has been taken off (if anything) on your payslip.

How is tax and National Insurance paid?

If your income is more than your Personal Allowance in a year, you have to pay tax.

In general, your Personal Allowance is spread evenly across your pay packets for the year and your employer will take out tax before giving you your pay.

They know how much to take out through a system called PAYE (Pay As You Earn). If it turns out at the end of the year you have paid too much tax, you can get a refund; too little and you will have to pay extra.

Your employer will also make National Insurance deductions from your pay.

This is worked out on a weekly or monthly basis, or however frequently you get paid. Unless there has been a mistake, you cannot get back any of the National Insurance you pay, even if your earnings fall later in the year.

How PAYE works

When you start work, you’ll either need to hand in a P45 form from your last job, or complete HMRC’s new starter checklist, which you get from your employer.

These forms both tell HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) you’ve started work and will be used to create a tax code.

Your tax code then tells your employer how much tax to take off your pay. The P46 form is no longer used.

PAYE might be used to collect tax not just on your earnings from this job but also on other income you have.

What is a tax code?

The amount of tax you pay depends on:

  • how much income you have
  • how much tax you’ve already paid in the year
  • your Personal Allowance.

Different people have different tax codes, depending on their circumstances.

Every year, HMRC sends out a Coding Notice telling you what your tax code is and how much tax you’ve paid.

You can also find your tax code on your payslip. It’s usually made up of a few numbers and a letter.

How is my tax code worked out?

Your tax code is normally the amount you can earn without paying tax, divided by 10, with a letter added.

For example:

Tax code: 1250L

1250 becomes £12,500 earned before tax.

My tax code starts with BR

You are not getting your tax-free basic personal allowance which means all your income is being taxed at the basic rate of 20%.

This can occur if your employer doesn’t have all the information it needs to work out your tax code.

It doesn’t always mean you’re paying the wrong amount of tax. For example, you may have two jobs and HRMC has allocated your personal allowance against one of these.

My tax code has no number, or starts with D followed by a number

This is usually because you have more than one source of income.

Your Personal Allowance is used up on your main income source, and you pay tax on everything you earn from your second income source.

For example, you might work a main job during the day and do shifts in a pub or work in a factory in the evenings.

If you earn more than £12,500 a year in your main job, your second job will be taxed at the basic rate. This can also apply to pensions or money paid out by investments (dividends).

My tax code starts with K

This means you have tax from the past you still need to pay, or you get money or benefits that can’t be taxed before you receive it, like a State Pension or company car.

From this, your employer can work out how much should be paid towards what you owe.

The amount you pay will never be more than half the amount you’ve earned or received during the pay period (whether that’s monthly, weekly or another period).

What is an emergency tax code?

Sometimes your tax code isn’t right for your circumstances and you might be given an emergency code.

An emergency tax code assumes that you’re only entitled to the basic personal allowance. It’ll mean you’ll pay tax on all your income above the basic personal allowance (£12,500 for 2019-20).

It won’t take into account any allowances or reductions and reliefs you might be entitled to.

This could mean you pay more tax than you should be for a short period of time.

For 2019-20, the emergency tax codes are:

  • 1250L W1
  • 1250L M1
  • 1250L X.

You may be put on an emergency tax code if you’ve started a new job, started working for an employer after being self-employed or are getting company benefits or the State Pension.

If your tax code is one of these, HMRC will automatically update it, but it might mean that for one or two months your pay won’t be the same, so be careful with your budgeting.

How do I check my tax code?

To make sure you’re on the right tax code, check your code matches the Personal Allowance you should be getting.You can check your Income Tax for the current year by using the GOV.UK service.

What do I do if I think my tax code is wrong?

If you think your tax code is wrong, or if you’re in any doubt, contact HMRC.

It’s important you give HMRC all the information they ask for so you don’t end up on the wrong tax code and pay too much or too little tax.Contact HMRC to sort out a tax problem.

If you think you’ve paid too much tax

It’s worth checking how much tax you’ve paid on your wages.If you think you’ve overpaid tax, you can check if you’re due a refund on the GOV.UK website or use the HMRC online tax checker.

Depending on your circumstances, you might be able to ask for a refund using a form, or you might need to contact HMRC directly.Contact HMRC to ask for a tax rebate.

If you think you haven’t paid enough tax

If you think you’ve underpaid tax, then you might have to complete a tax return.

If this is the case, normal self-assessment time limits apply.

To pay an amount up to £3,000 through an adjustment to your tax code for the following year, you should file a return by 31 December following the end of tax year.

Otherwise, tax still due for the last tax year must be paid by 31 January following the end of the tax year in which the income arose.

If you think you haven’t paid enough tax, contact HMRC.

You might be asked to complete a tax return. Be aware if you don’t do this, you will normally have to pay penalties and interest once the underpayment does come to light.Contact HMRC to sort out a tax underpayment.

Tips and bonuses

If you get money through your job that’s not part of your usual wages, like an annual bonus or tips from customers, you’ll have to pay tax on it, and usually National Insurance too.

  • Your annual bonus, if you get one, is treated as if it’s part of your normal wages. You’ll pay tax and National Insurance on it through PAYE, in the usual way.
  • If you get cash tips direct from customers or through a ‘tronc’ system (where tips are pooled and shared between staff members of the pool), you also need to pay tax on them, but not National Insurance, provided the amount you get in tips does not involve your employer. It’s your responsibility to tell HMRC about these tips. They will then give you a new tax code estimating how much you get in tips each pay period, and taxes you on that amount. Find out more about troncs from HMRC (PDF)opens in new window.
  • If a customer gives you a tip via their bank card when paying for a meal or service, and your employer decides whether to share it with you, they are responsible for sorting out the tax and National Insurance. If the employer passes such payments to a tronc, then the rules above apply and no National Insurance is due.
  • A service charge is not the same thing as a tip, because the customer doesn’t choose to pay it. A tip is a payment that’s given freely.

Benefits in kind

Sometimes your employer will offer benefits like a company car or health insurance as part of your remuneration package.

These are known as ‘benefits in kind’.

You might need to pay tax on the value of these benefits.

  • Some benefits are always tax-free, such as employer contributions into a pension scheme for you, or childcare vouchers up to a limit.
  • Some benefits are always taxable. For example, goods that your employer lets you have for free or below cost price.
  • For some benefits it depends. For example, season-ticket loans are taxable if the value of all employer loans you get is more than £10,000 for the year.

Changes to off-payroll working (IR35) rules effective from April 2020

The government has reaffirmed plans to make changes to off-payroll working (IR35) rules effective from 6th April 2020. This will affect any contractors working through a Personal Service Company, Recruitment Agencies, and all Large and Medium-sized end clients.

On 11th July 2019, the government published the draft legislation necessary to enact the Finance Bill 2019-20. Among other tax measures, the Finance Bill introduces important changes for workers providing services through an intermediary in the private sector (also known as ‘off-payroll working’ or ‘IR35’).

The final contents of the Finance Bill will be confirmed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer as part of the government’s 2019 Budget. The off-payroll working changes are due to take effect from 6th April 2020 and are summarised in the sections below.

Summary of changes to IR35 due to be implemented in 6th April 2020:

There are a number of changes due to be implemented in April 2020, these will have impacts on end-clients, recruiters, and contractors working through limited companies. We’ve summarised the main changes and impacts below.

The end-client is now responsible for determining whether a contract is inside or outside of IR35 rules

The changes for the private sector mean the end-client is now responsible for determining the IR35 status of a contract with a Personal Service Company (PSC). The rules will be consistent with the changes brought in for the public sector in April 2017.

Small business exemption to new IR35 rules

The legislation applies only to ‘medium or large’ businesses. There’s an exemption for end-clients who are ‘small businesses’ as defined by the Companies Act 2006 which means meeting two or more of the following criteria:

  • Annual turnover is no more than £10.2 million
  • Balance sheet total is no more than £5.1 million
  • No more than 50 employees.

Where the end-client meets two or more of these criteria, responsibility for determining the IR35 status of a contract remains with the PSC and the changes do not apply.

The government has included clauses in the legislation to ensure medium or large businesses do not set-up arm’s length companies or subsidiaries to procure services from PSCs. The legislation will apply to the parent company based on the aggregate amount of turnover and the aggregate amount of the balance sheet total of the connected entities.

There’s no small business exemption for public sector organisations and the legislation will apply to all end-clients engaging PSC workers in the public sector.

IR35 Status Determination Statement (SDS)

The end-client must confirm the IR35 status of a contract by providing a ‘Status Determination Statement’ (SDS). The SDS must be provided in writing to the PSC worker and, if an Agency is involved in the labour supply chain, a copy must be provided to the Agency responsible for paying the PSC.

These arrangements place most of the responsibility for administering an SDS on the end-client and/or the fee payer (if an Agency is involved).

IR35 status dispute resolution process is led by the end-client

It’s the responsibility of the end-client to establish arrangements to consider any disputes from PSCs about the SDS. The legislation does not specify how such arrangements should work in practice but does state a time limit of 45 days to respond, in writing, to the PSC with the outcome of the review of the dispute.

The decision must either confirm the original SDS is upheld, or, if it involves a revised SDS or conclusion, a new SDS must be provided in line with the arrangements outlined above.

Transfer of employment tax liabilities to another relevant person

The legislation is designed to ensure the organisation with responsibility for issuing the SDS, or the fee-payer if an Agency is involved, is responsible for any employment tax liabilities arising.

The legislation also allows HMRC to recover tax liabilities from another ‘relevant person’. A relevant person is any party involved in the payment to a PSC. This means HMRC can recover tax from the highest party in the labour supply chain which is not complying with the legislation. HMRC believes this will ensure compliance with the rules across all parties involved in the labour supply chain.

5% administration allowance withdrawn (mostly)

As expected, the draft legislation removes the 5% allowance for PSCs to meet the costs of administering the off-payroll working rules. The allowance will continue for PSCs working with ‘small’ end-clients as defined above.

Check of Employment Status Tool (CEST)

The government recognises the Check of Employment Status Tool (CEST) needs to be strengthened. It’s expected that a further announcement will be made when further guidance and support for businesses is published throughout 2019.

Conclusion – The new IR35 rules will cause issues

Cloud Accounting NI responded to the government’s consultation earlier in the year. It’s disappointing that most of the issues raised by us, and other responders, have been largely ignored in the draft legislation. Of particular concern remains the:

  • errors and inconsistencies contained in the government’s online Check of Employment Status Tool (CEST)
  • additional investment required to complete an employment status determination by an end-client on a contract by contract basis
  • removal of the 5% allowance for PSCs to administer off-payroll working rules
  • risks to PSCs from the dispute resolution process which are the responsibility of the end-client to administer.

IR35 – 10 INDICATORS TO SHOW YOU’RE NOT A DISGUISED EMPLOYEE

The IR35 'off-payroll' rules will be extended to the private sector from April 2020 onwards, directly affecting a large number of contractors.

Therefore there has never been a more important time to review your business for IR35 and take action if it is affected.

As a Limited Company Contractor or Sole Trader, IR35 is an important consideration for you as it sets out the law relating to tax treatment of your income and also determines your tax position with HMRC. Contractors that fall outside IR35 legislation are entitled to receive payment in the form of dividends. Those who fall inside IR35 are seen as a disguised employee and are only entitled to receive payment on a PAYE basis (albeit through their Limited Company).

Therefore, being caught by IR35 does not prevent you from working through your company, it just means that you need to tax yourself differently with the assignment which is within IR35.

In order to determine if an individual is likely to be caught by IR35, the following series of questions provide a clearer picture as to whether a worker is deemed to be an employee or self-employed. If the majority of answers to the following questions is ‘Yes’, the more likely an individual is to fall inside IR35 and therefore a ‘disguised employee’ of the end client:

  • Do you have to do the work yourselves?
  • Can someone tell you at any time what to do, where to carry out the work or when and how to do the work?
  • Do you have to work a set amount of hours?
  • Can someone move you from task to task?
  • Do you receive overtime pay or bonus payment?

It is important to reiterate that these questions do not set an individual’s IR35 status in stone but do provide a clearer picture with HMRC as to how an individual works. Cloud Accounting LLP offers unlimited IR35 checks when working through a limited company to make sure you operate compliantly.

If you answered yes to one or more questions, please contact us to see how switching to Cloud Accounting LLP can help you with how to avoid IR35.

Speak to Richard Cloud Accounting LLP

THE FOLLOWING TIPS WILL HELP DEMONSTRATE YOU’RE NOT A DISGUISED EMPLOYEE ONSITE AND CAUGHT BY IR35.

1. ENSURE YOUR CONTRACTS ARE ACCURATE AND CONSISTENT

It makes little sense having a contract that states that you will be subject to the control of the client, or that the client’s processes and procedures will apply to you when they don’t in practice. Also, make sure that the contract between the agency and the client does not contain anything that contradicts your contract with your agency.

2. MAKE SURE YOUR CLIENT THINKS THE SAME WAY YOU DO

If your client sees you as an extension of its own workforce, the company is more likely to treat you as an employee. Make sure they know that you are contracted for a specific reason and that they treat you as independent of their organisation throughout your assignment.

3.ENSURE THAT THE CLIENT’S REPRESENTATIVE VIEWS YOU AS AN INDEPENDENT CONSULTANT

This is particularly important where your client representative (i.e. The person who would liaise with HMRC in the event of an IR35 enquiry) is different from the individual who hired your services or worked with you day to day at the outset of the project. If necessary, provide a copy of your contract to the client representative or even a “statement of understanding” which sets out how you intend to work/be treated whilst on an assignment with the client to avoid any misunderstandings.

4.DEMONSTRATE THAT YOU ARE TREATED DIFFERENTLY FROM YOUR CLIENT’S EMPLOYEES

Genuine employees will have certain set working conditions, such as minimum hours, pension arrangements and other benefits, and perhaps subsidised services too. The employer also has a duty to provide work for them, which the employee has an obligation to do – and the employer can stipulate where and how the work is to be carried out. You should be able to show that little if any of this applies to you.

Different pay and benefits will not be enough on their own. Flexible working, assignments for other clients, bring your own equipment, working on a specific package of work for a fixed fee and/or a fixed period are all good ways of showing that you are truly independent.

5. WORKING AS PART OF A TEAM DOES NOT AUTOMATICALLY RENDER YOU A DISGUISED EMPLOYEE OF THE CLIENT

It is essential, however, that you agree to the scope of the work you undertake at the outset of the assignment. Being continually allocated further work by the client, particularly without putting in place additional contracts, could show that you are being treated as an employee. If further work comes up, make sure you put a contract in place before you start working on it.

6. PROVIDE A SUBSTITUTE

Not only does providing a substitute give unequivocal evidence that you are not obliged to offer a personal service, and therefore cannot be a disguised employee, it can also enable you to profit further from the assignment by supplying cheaper labour to perform the services on your behalf. It could also give you the flexibility to work on another contract with a different client.

Having a substitute ready to engage on a project is a strong signal you are running a business. These "employees" can be set up on a zero hours contract. You may want to have arrangements to join a group of fellow experts in your industry niche and make reciprocal zero hours contract arrangements to step into each others project in when necessary - eg if you took ill health, during holidays etc.

7. PROJECT-BASED ASSIGNMENTS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER THAN PERIOD BASED ONES

Being engaged on a specific project enables you to quote a fixed fee and work flexibly as long as deadlines and project completion dates are met. Being engaged on an ongoing basis may suggest you are only there until the client recruits a permanent employee to do your job. This may indicate that the company is treating you as if you were that individual until someone permanent comes along which can potentially make you a disguised employee.

8. MANAGE YOUR OWN ASSIGNMENTS

As an independent contractor, you should determine the hours required to complete the work. It is important that you take control over managing your assignments and don’t rely on being allocated work. This should also enable you to quote a fixed fee for the project and/or undertake work for other customers alongside your assignments.

9. CALLING YOURSELF A CONTRACTOR AND NOT RECEIVING HOLIDAY OR SICK PAY IS NOT ENOUGH TO PROVE THAT YOU ARE NOT AN EMPLOYEE OF THE CLIENT

Your working practices and other terms of the contract must indicate that you are self-employed. This could involve you showing that you have financial risk in terms of bad debts, rectifying work at your own cost and investing in your company, all good ‘badges of trade’.

10. WORKING FOR MULTIPLE CLIENTS AND INVESTING IN YOUR OWN COMPANY IS A GOOD WAY OF DEMONSTRATING THAT YOU ARE IN BUSINESS OF YOUR OWN ACCOUNT

The more clients you work for, the easier it is to demonstrate that you are self-employed, whereas only having one client as your sole source of income for a lengthy period of time may suggest that you are employed by the end client. To counteract this, pay for your own training and provide as much of your own equipment as possible and pay for them through your business to ensure they are properly accounted for.

HERE ARE SOME PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS:

1. Keep client correspondence

If you have emails that clearly state you are not under the control of a manager at the business, but are simply contracted to provide a service, this can be useful too.

2. Don’t name your company after yourself

HMRC knows that a company named after a person may well be just that person, and this fits their profile of a PSC. But if your company has a more ‘business-like’ name, e.g. XYZ Design, it emphasises the fact that your company is distinct from you, and that you could delegate the work to another person if necessary. Employees cannot delegate in this way, so it marks you out as different.

3. Have your own marketing materials

You should be able to demonstrate that you market your contracting services actively. Have a listing on relevant services website, post adverts and print business cards, all of which help to indicate that you are in business on your own account. Never use a business card which includes your client’s branding!

4. Maintain your own office

A well-equipped office, even just in your own home, will strongly imply that your work activities extend well beyond your current client. If you also invest in your own software licences, trade literature and professional memberships, this can help a great deal too.

6. Take out your own business insurance

Having your own business insurance, such as professional indemnity insurance, is a great way of demonstrating that you’re not just an employee.

7. Invest in your professional development

Employees don’t pay for their own training, so if you pay for yours this will be another useful point of difference. Some professions may require you to take continued professional development (CPD) to remain qualified, so by paying for this you’re also reasserting your contractor status.

8. Try to have multiple clients at the same time

It’s not always possible to arrange, but if your time is split fairly evenly between two or more main clients, it’s much harder for HMRC to claim you’re an employee of any of them. However, having a very uneven split (e.g. 90 per cent of your income deriving from one client) may be less convincing.

The more of these strands of evidence you can call upon, the more likely it is that HMRC will accept you are in business on your own account. Having just one or two on their own may not be enough.

FIND OUT HOW MUCH YOU MIGHT OWE

Get in touch with us and we can help you calculate how much you might owe if you fall within IR35.

Potentially being classed as a disguised employee can seem like a confusing scenario but it doesn’t have to be.

Over the last 10 years, Cloud Accounting LLP have helped many contractors, freelancers and self-employed professionals, just like you to save time, money and hassle with our comprehensive range of accountancy, financial, legal, insurance and business services.

Cloud Accounting LLP can help you with the responsibility for determining if IR35 applies and assist you with any concerns you may have about potentially disguised employment. Please get in touch to find out more about how we can help you.

Salary 2018/19 (avoiding NICs)

Salary 2018/19 (avoiding NICs)

What is the optimal monthly or weekly salary that can be paid by an employer without incurring a liability for the employer or employee for National Insurance (NICs)? It is important that the employee or director is paid over the Lower Earnings Limit (LEL) for NICs in order to qualify for certain state benefits. The LEL […]

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